The early 20th Century witnessed seismic changes in art; both in terms of subject matter and the manner in which artists worked. Course 1 investigates the techniques and influences of radical practitioners including Henri Matisse and the Fauves, who took to the extreme the achievements of painters in the second half of the previous century. Other movements, including Cubism, responded to scientific and technological advancements such as the rise of photography, reacting against the realism this process could achieve. Further developments included the influence of non-Western art on European artists such as the German Expressionists. This ‘primitivism’ brought to painting and sculpture a new vitality not previously witnessed in art history. Key styles up to the outbreak of WW1 are examined.