A new century brought with it aspects of the traditionalism of the previous era, with some artists continuing the themes of the Pre-Raphaelites. However, key factors, including the significant number of women artists studying at the Slade and Roger Fry’s organisation of a Post-Impressionist exhibition in London, contributed to the development of modernism. Two World Wars devastated a generation of young men and artists both at home and at the Front responded with both horror and sympathy to what they witnessed. Pop Art celebrated the optimism of post-War Britain in the Swinging Sixties. This confident attitude continued during the ‘Cool Britannia’ of the 1990s with the Young British Artists (YBAS). The artists who dominated this latter movement became household names, their work and attitude scandalised and fascinated in equal measure.