This era was marked by political upheavals including two World Wars. Course 2 will look at how such catastrophes caused artists to respond in a personal manner to such issues. Subjects not visible to the naked eye, such as the human psyche were explored in very different ways in both Abstraction and Surrealism. Dadaism, a protest against society and the futilities of war, gave us some of the most radical works in the history of art. Artists such as Picasso, who had spent the first decade of the Twentieth Century upending the conventions of art, would abandon such aims and instead call for a ‘return to order’, celebrating classical art. We will look in-depth at the key figures and styles which dominated European art in the first half of the 1900s and consider how their efforts would ultimately transform art on a global level.